Enums For Both C++ and BP

Overview

Dear Community,

Here's how you can create your own Enums that can be used with C++ and BP graphs!

Enums basically give you ability to define a series of related types with long human-readible names, using a low-cost data type.

These could be AI states, object types, ammo types, weapon types, tree types, or anything really :)

Enumgraph.jpg

BP Graphs: Switch on Enum

For BP Graphs, one of the most wonderful things about ENUMS is the ability to use Switch on Enum() instead of having to do a series of branches and testing one value many times

C++ .h File

You need to add the UENUM definition above your class and then actually create a member variable in your class that you want to have be an instance of this enum.

If you want an enum to be used in many different classes (instances of this enum in many classes) you can define the enum in some class that holds all your other important definitions like USTRUCTS().

UENUM(BlueprintType)		//"BlueprintType" is essential to include
enum class EVictoryEnum : uint8
{
        VE_Dance 	UMETA(DisplayName="Dance"),
        VE_Rain 	UMETA(DisplayName="Rain"),
	VE_Song	UMETA(DisplayName="Song")
};
 
UCLASS()
class YourClass : public YourSuperClass
{
	GENERATED_UCLASS_BODY()
 
	UPROPERTY(EditAnywhere, BlueprintReadWrite, Category=Enum)
	EVictoryEnum VictoryEnum;
 
	//Rest of Class Code
};

Testing the Value in the C++

//YourClass.CPP
if(VictoryEnum == EVictoryEnum::VE_Dance)
{
	VictoryEnum = EVictoryEnum::VE_Song;
}
else
{
	VictoryEnum = EVictoryEnum::VE_Rain;
}

Get Name of Enum as String

FString GetVictoryEnumAsString(EVictoryEnum::Type EnumValue)
{
  const UEnum* EnumPtr = FindObject<UEnum>(ANY_PACKAGE, TEXT("EVictoryEnum"), true);
  if(!EnumPtr) return FString("Invalid");
 
  return EnumPtr->GetNameByValue((int64)EnumValue); // for EnumValue == VE_Dance returns "VE_Dance"
}

Templatized Version

template<typename TEnum>
static FORCEINLINE FString GetEnumValueToString(const FString& Name, TEnum Value)
{
  const UEnum* enumPtr = FindObject<UEnum>(ANY_PACKAGE, *Name, true);
    if (!enumPtr)
	{
	    return FString("Invalid");
	}
    return enumPtr->GetNameByValue((int64)Value).ToString();
}
 
// Example usage
GetEnumValueAsString<EVictoryEnum>("EVictoryEnum", VictoryEnum)));

GetEnumFromString

If you want to retrieve an Enum value after storing the Enum as a string, here is how! ♥ Rama

template <typename EnumType>
static FORCEINLINE EnumType GetEnumValueFromString(const FString& EnumName, const FString& String)
{ 
	UEnum* Enum = FindObject<UEnum>(ANY_PACKAGE, *EnumName, true);
	if(!Enum) 
        { 
          return EnumType(0);
        }		
	return (EnumType)Enum->FindEnumIndex(FName(*String));
}
 
//Sample Usage
FString ParseLine = GetEnumValueAsString<EChallenge>("EChallenge", VictoryEnumValue))); //To String
EChallenge Challenge = GetEnumValueFromString<EChallenge>("EChallenge", ParseLine);  //Back From String!

Summary

Now you know how to make enums that are project specific, that can be used in both C++ and Blueprints!

Enjoy!

Rama (talk)